How Investors Can Use Variations Of The P/e Ratio
Investors, particularly growth-oriented ones, often use a company’s current and past P/E ratios to calculate two other metrics: the forward-looking P/E ratio and the price-to-earnings to growth ratio.
The forward P/E ratio is simple to compute. Using the P/E ratio formula — stock price divided by earnings per share — the forward P/E ratio substitutes EPS from the trailing 12 months with the EPS projected for the company over the next fiscal year. Projected EPS numbers are provided by financial analysts and sometimes by the companies themselves.
The PEG ratio accounts for the rate at which a company’s earnings are growing. It is calculated by dividing the company’s P/E ratio by its expected rate of earnings growth. While most investors use a company’s projected rate of growth over the upcoming five years, you can use a projected growth rate for any duration of time. Using growth rate projections for shorter periods of time increases the reliability of the resulting PEG ratio.
Continuing with our Walmart example, analysts forecast average annual EPS growth over the next five years of 6.29% per year. Dividing Walmart’s P/E ratio of 29.43 into 6.29 produces a PEG ratio of 4.67. A stock with a PEG ratio below 1.00 is considered as exceptionally valuable due to its impressive projected growth rate.
Do Your Homework Have All The Current Facts And Accurate Data
You must have the discipline and dedication to adhere to your investing philosophy. When it comes to certain companies, you may want to purchase their stocks because the fundamentals are good, but you might have to postpone if the stock is overvalued. Ideally, youll choose to purchase the stock that is most attractively priced at the time but, if no stocks fit your requirements, youll have to sit and wait, allowing your capital to accumulate until a chance presents itself.
Recession In 2023 Its Hard To Tell: The Outlook Isnt Very Bright
Certain pundits think the Fed has a tough job, and its hard to argue with that. By pulling the lever that cools inflation, economic growth will also cool. With inflation at todays unprecedented heights, its arguable that it could take a drastic cooling of the economy to get inflation back under control. With almost 8% in inflation in the states, theres no question that the Fed sees the need to hike now with the intention of asking questions later. The hawkish tone sent broader markets spiraling lower on Tuesday, with U.S. rates creeping above that dreaded 2.5% mark.
The growth trade, which had heated up in recent weeks, is taking a few steps back. Whether this is the start of a move that could see markets and growth stocks retest those March lows is anyones guess. Id argue its likely, especially given the recent relief rally seems overdone and not based on too much good news. Arguably, not much good news has occurred on the COVID front or the Ukraine-Russia crisis.
In this piece, well have a look at two value plays that I think could help investors defend against another pick-up in volatility or the occurrence of a recession.
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Look For A Competitive Advantage
Any good stock investment be it a value stock, growth stock, or income stock will have a competitive advantage. For example, Apples high-end cameras and cutting edge artificial intelligence, among other key technologies, help keep the company ahead of the curve in the smartphone industry.
Competitive advantages can come in all shapes and sizes. A biotechnology companys competitive advantage may be a new method of delivery for a medication or a strong scientific advisory board, while an automobile manufacturers competitive advantage may be purely cosmetic.
No matter what it is, its important that any company you invest in has a competitive advantage that allows it to corner a meaningful percentage of its target market.
Which Is Better: Growth Investing Or Value Investing
The question of which investing style is better depends on many factors, since each style can perform better in different economic climates. Growth stocks may do better when interest rates are low and expected to stay low, but many investors shift to value stocks as rates rise. Growth stocks have had a stronger run recently, but value stocks have a good long-term record.
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Example Of A Value Investment
Value investors seek to profit from market overreactions that usually come from the release of a quarterly earnings report. As a historical real example, on May 4, 2016, Fitbit released its Q1 2016 earnings report and saw a sharp decline in after-hours trading. After the flurry was over, the company lost nearly 19% of its value. However, while large decreases in a company’s share price are not uncommon after the release of an earnings report, Fitbit not only met analyst expectations for the quarter but even increased guidance for 2016.
The company earned $505.4 million in revenue for the first quarter of 2016, up more than 50% when compared to the same time period from one year ago. Further, Fitbit expects to generate between $565 million and $585 million in the second quarter of 2016, which is above the $531 million forecasted by analysts.
The company looks to be strong and growing. However, since Fitbit invested heavily in research and development costs in the first quarter of the year, earnings per share declined when compared to a year ago. This is all average investors needed to jump on Fitbit, selling off enough shares to cause the price to decline. However, a value investor looks at the fundamentals of Fitbit and understands it is an undervalued security, poised to potentially increase in the future.
The Theory Behind Value Investing
For Ben Graham, value investing meant finding companies that were undervalued and waiting until the market bid them up to their true value.
So what happened?
To adapt, Buffett adjusted the theory slightly, choosing to focus not only on finding companies that were undervalued but also on investing in companies that are what you might call wonderful companies with a high potential for growth.
For Buffett and the investors that followed him, it wasnt enough for a company to just be undervalued. Instead, the best companies to invest in were ones that were both undervalued AND wonderful companies.
The Rule #1 strategy draws from this evolution of the classic approach to value investing to focus on quality companies.
This view of value investing dictates that the best way to make large returns on your investments is to find individual companies that are intrinsically wonderful, ran by good people and priced much lower than their actual value. A stock that hits all of these marks is what constitutes a value stock.
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Don’t Follow The Herd
Value investors possess many characteristics of contrariansthey dont follow the herd. Not only do they reject the efficient-market hypothesis, but when everyone else is buying, theyre often selling or standing back. When everyone else is selling, theyre buying or holding. Value investors dont buy trendy stocks . Instead, they invest in companies that arent household names if the financials check out. They also take a second look at stocks that are household names when those stocks prices have plummeted, believing such companies can recover from setbacks if their fundamentals remain strong and their products and services still have quality.
Value investors only care about a stocks intrinsic value. They think about buying a stock for what it actually is: a percentage of ownership in a company. They want to own companies that they know have sound principles and sound financials, regardless of what everyone else is saying or doing.
Look For Safe And Steady Returns
This one is usually hard for new investors to grasp. Everyone wants to make money fast. Why do you think there are so many 5 Best Stocks for articles out there?
In college, I had a class called Advanced Investments. My professor always said that if youre reading about a hot stock, then its already too late to invest. It makes sense. Yet we still buy into the hype.
Few of us want to put in the time and effort to get safe, steady returns. We want stocks that are going to explode in value and give extraordinary returns. Thats not realistic.
You might be able to find stocks like that, and it may even last for a while. But it wont last forever. At some point, that strategy is going to fail.
So instead of seeking immediate, market-beating returns, intelligent investors want consistency. An intelligent investor will be happy with low-risk, consistent returns on their investments, year after year.
Look for stocks that meet your personal needs. Dont try to beat the portfolios of those who do this for a living.
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Invest In Companies You Understand And Want To Own
One of the worst mistakes I’ve made as an investor is allocating too high of a percentage of my portfolio toward companies that I don’t understand. Peter Lynch, my favorite investor of all time, often joked that people spend so much time dissecting the pros and cons of major purchases like a car or where they are going to live, but are so quick to throw money into a hot investment idea with little underlying knowledge about what they are buying.
Whether we like it or now, fear of missing out is a strong emotion that can inhibit clear thinking and lead to chasing the next hottest growth stock. That’s no problem if the stock goes up. But if it falls, let’s say by over 50% as many of the hottest stocks in the Nasdaq-100 have done over the past year, then it’s harder to know when the bleeding will stop or have the conviction to hold the stock if you don’t understand it.
What Is A Value Investment
Value investing is an investment philosophy that involves purchasing assets at a discount to their intrinsic value. This is also known as a securitys margin of safety. Benjamin Graham, known as the father of value investing, first established this term with his landmark book, The Intelligent Investor, in 1949. Notable proponents of value investors include Warren Buffett, Seth Klarman, Mohnish Pabrai, and Joel Greenblatt.
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Next Steps To Consider
Diversification and asset allocation do not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.
Stock markets are volatile and can decline significantly in response to adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments.
Growth stocks can perform differently from the market as a whole and other types of stocks, and can be more volatile than other types of stocks.
Value stocks can perform differently from other types of stocks, and can continue to be undervalued by the market for long periods of time.
The Advantages Of Value Investing
Value investors enjoy lower risk and solid returns. Because your strategy entails seeking out quality companies with huge upside potential and getting into your position at a great value there is much less likelihood of ending up taking a loss. Keep in mind that value investors hold their positions long term. That means youll undoubtedly have to ride out some highs and lows. But in the big picture, youll come out on top more often than not. At least, provided you follow our tips below to uncover quality value stocks and time your positions correctly.
And because you get into these stocks at such a great value, there is huge upside potential. Value investors can earn substantial profit margins on their investments. Sure, you have to wait a while to realize that profit. But if you arent using your investments as supplemental income, but rather long-term wealth generation, its a great strategy.
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One Of The Best Canadian Growth Stocks To Buy Offering Unbelievable Value
In addition to Canadian Tire, another one of the best Canadian stocks to buy now, offering an attractive mix of value and growth is WELL Health Technologies.
WELL is another exciting stock thats been performing admirably. It continues to meet and increase its guidance and has been expanding its operations with an attractive mix of acquisitions and organic growth.
Despite its performance, though, the valuations for earlier-stage growth stocks, especially tech stocks, have fallen significantly. Therefore, WELLs stock has become extremely cheap.
Valuations are only going to stay this low temporarily, though. So, while these stocks are out of favour, its the best opportunity to buy them for dirt cheap.
And right now, WELL is trading at a forward EV-to-sales ratio of just three times the cheapest it has ever been since it was upgraded to the TSX in January of 2020.
Right now, WELL stock is even cheaper than it was at the worst point of the initial pandemic selloff. And considering the company is in much better shape today and has tonnes of potential to continue growing, its easily one of the best value stocks to buy now.
Fool contributor Daniel Da Costa has positions in WELL Health Technologies Corp. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned.
What Is Value Investing & How Does It Work
Want to learn how value investing works? Youve come to the right place. In this article, well answer two basic questions to help you gain an understanding of what this strategy is all about:
- What is value investing?
- How does value investing work?
If you find that youre more concerned with the long-term fundamentals of a company than anything else when investing, you may be a value investor and not even know it. Value investors look to capitalize on other investors undervaluing certain stocks. While many investors sell off a stock as negative earnings reports come out, you can buy that stock at a discount provided you see long-term value in that stock. The opposite is true as well while investors flock to the hottest new stock, you may see through the noise and purchase an options contract to sell that stock at a premium later on.
Were going to explain more in-depth what the ideology behind value investing is and how it works. Youll learn how to identify value stocks, vet them, and trade them to earn solid returns. Lets start by defining this strategy:
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Portfolio Diversification Dont Put All Your Eggs In One Basket
Traditional financial knowledge holds that investing in individual stocks is a high-risk approach that should be avoided whenever possible. We are urged to diversify our investments among a number of companies or stock indexes to get exposure to a diverse range of businesses and economic sectors. However, diversity is a relative concept, differing from investor to investor. Some value investors think that you can have a varied portfolio even if you hold a limited number of companies stock. Others feel that you can have a even if you buy stocks that represent a diverse range of industries and sectors of the economy.
Can Value Investing Make You Rich
When Warren Buffett first started investing, he used the associated value investing principles to grow a small initial investment into a large fortune, quickly.
In short, then, it is certainly safe to say that the strategy has the potential to make you a lot of money.
In fact, to this day, many of the worlds most successful investors could be classified as value investors in some form or another.
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Unnoticed And Unglamorous Stocks
Look beyond what you’re hearing in the news. You may find really great investment opportunities in undervalued stocks that may not be on people’s radars like small caps or even foreign stocks.Most investors want in on the next big thing such as a technology startup instead of a boring, established consumer durables manufacturer.
For example, stocks like Meta , Apple, and Google are more likely to be affected by herd-mentality investing than conglomerates like Proctor & Gamble or Johnson & Johnson.
What Is The Value Investing Formula
The basic idea behind value investing is to ‘buy low, sell high’.
This means buying a stock when it is trading cheap relative to its assets, earnings, and cash flow.
The value investor sells the stock after it has risen to a level that makes it expensive relative to its assets, earnings, and cash flow.
To do this value investors use the following metrics.
- Price to earnings ratio: The stock price divided by the earnings per share. Value investors look for a low value. Find Low PE Stocks with Equitymaster’s stock screener.
- Price to book ratio: The stock price divided by book value per share. Book value is the net worth i.e. assets minus liabilities. Value investors look for a low value. Find Low Price to Book Stocks with Equitymaster’s stock screener.
- Dividend yield: The stock price divided by the dividend per share. Check out Equitymaster’s stock screener for High Dividend Yield Stocks. Also, you can read about high dividend stocks here and read about the best dividend stocks to buy here.
- Debt to Equity ratio: Value investors tend to avoid companies with high debt. Check out Equitymaster’s stock screener for Debt Free Companies and High Debt Companies.
We suggest using Equitymaster’s Value Investing Stock Screener to quickly and easily find stocks based on these metrics.
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Minimums To Open An Account
Many financial institutions have minimum deposit requirements. In other words, they won’t accept your account application unless you deposit a certain amount of money. Some firms won’t even allow you to open an account with a sum as small as $1,000.
It pays to shop around some and check out our broker reviews before deciding where you want to open an account. We list minimum deposits at the top of each review. Some firms do not require minimum deposits. Others may often lower costs, like trading fees and account management fees, if you have a balance above a certain threshold. Still, others may offer a certain number of commission-free trades for opening an account.